Traditional herbal remedies
   Compleat Botanica    Plants    Special lists    Herbal medicine   
 
 
   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.

 

 

Taxonomic
ranks

Details

 

Sponsors

 

 

Herbal medicine

1 Caesalpinia ascendens
CAESALPINIACEAE
diaphoretic
carminative
expectorant
antitussive
Aerial parts
2 Caesalpinia bahamensis
CAESALPINIACEAE
liver tonic
kidney tonic
Seeds
3 Caesalpinia bonducella
CAESALPINIACEAE
nikkar nut febrifuge
aphrodisiac
antirheumatic
Seeds
4 Caesalpinia pulcherrima
CAESALPINIACEAE
pride of Barbados liver tonic Seeds
5 Calendula officinalis
CALENDULACEAE
pot marigold
calendula
anti-inflammatory
antispasmodic
astringent
hemostatic
vulnerary
antiseptic
detoxifier
estrogenic
Flowers
6 Calluna vulgaris
heather
rÝsling
fraoch
diaphoretic
urinary antiseptic
kidney tonic
gallbladder tonic
detoxifier
antirheumatic
Flowers
7 Camellia sinensis
CAMELLIACEAE
tea astringent
diaphoretic
nerve tonic
emollient
febrifuge
Leaves
Buds
8 Cananga odorata
ANNONACEAE
ilang-ilang
ylang-ylang
flower-of-flowers
sedative
antiseptic
hypotensive
aphrodisiac
Flowers
Essential oil
9 Canella winterana
CANELLACEAE
canella
wild cinnamon
antifungal
stimulant
antiseptic
aphrodisiac
digestive tonic
Bark
10 Cannabis sativa
CANNABACEAE
hemp
huo ma ren
marijuana
analgesic
hypotensive
antispasmodic
antiasthmatic
antirheumatic
antidepressant
soporific
laxative
sedative
anti-inflammatory
Seeds
Flowers
11 Capparis cynophallophora
CAPPARACEAE
Jamaican caper emmenagogue Root bark
Bark
Flower buds
12 Capparis horrida
CAPPARACEAE
sedative
febrifuge
digestive tonic
Root bark
Bark
Flower buds
13 Capparis spinosa
CAPPARACEAE
caper laxative
bitter
diuretic
detoxifier
hemostatic
Root bark
Bark
Flower buds
14 Capsella bursa-pastoris
shepherd's purse hemostatic
astringent
antidiarrheal
antidysenteric
urinary antiseptic
anti-inflammatory
febrifuge
Aerial parts
15 Capsicum frutescens
chili
cayenne
stimulant
tonic
carminative
antispasmodic
antiseptic
diaphoretic
rubefacient
analgesic
Fruit
16 Cardiospermum
SAPINDACEAE
balloonvine antirheumatic
detoxifier
sedative
Root
Leaves
Seeds
17 Carduus marianus
CARDUACEAE
milk thistle
mary thistle
liver tonic
cholagogue
galactagogue
antidepressant
Seeds
Flowers
18 Carica papaya
CARICACEAE
papaya
pawpaw
digestive tonic
vulnerary
anthelmintic
emmenagogue
laxative
antidiarrheal
antidysenteric
Fruit
Latex
Leaves
Flowers
Seeds
19 Carthamus tinctorius
safflower
false saffron
bastard saffron
American saffron
dyer's thistle
dyer's saffron
saffron thistle
hong hua
emmenagogue
purgative
lowers cholesterol
immunostimulant
vulnerary
Flowers
Seeds
Seed oil
20 Carum carvi
caraway antispasmodic
carminative
cardiotonic
diuretic
expectorant
bronchiolytic
antitussive
galactagogue
Seeds
Essential oil
21 Cassia senna
CASSIACEAE
Alexandrian senna stimulant
laxative
cathartic
Leaves
Pods
22 Castanea dentata
CASTANEACEAE
American chestnut antipertussive Leaves
Bark
23 Castanea sativa
CASTANEACEAE
European chestnut
sweet chestnut
bronchiolytic
antitussive
antidiarrheal
antirheumatic
Leaves
Bark
24 Catha edulis
CELASTRACEAE
khat
catha
antimalarial
antiallergenic
stimulant
tonic
anorexia remedy
Leaves
Twigs
25 Caulophyllum thalictroides
BERBERIDACEAE
blue cohosh
squaw root
papoose root
antispasmodic
diuretic
emmenagogue
uterine tonic
antirheumatic
diaphoretic
anti-inflammatory
Root
Rhizome
26 Ceanothus americanus
RHAMNACEAE
New Jersey tea astringent
expectorant
antispasmodic
sedative
hypotensive
Root
Root bark
Leaves
27 Ceanothus azurea
RHAMNACEAE
febrifuge Root
Root bark
Leaves
28 Cedrus libani
CEDRACEAE
Cedar of Lebanon antiseptic
expectorant
astringent
diuretic
sedative
Leaves
Wood
Essential oil
29 Celtis australis
CELTIDACEAE
lotus berry
southern hackberry
astringent
antidiarrheal
antidysenteric
amenorrheic
Leaves
Fruit
30 Centaurea cyanus
CENTAUREACEAE
cornflower
bachelor's button
bitter
stimulant
laxative
antirheumatic
Flowers
Seeds
Leaves
31 Centaurea scabiosa
CENTAUREACEAE
greater knapweed vulnerary
emollient
Flowers
Seeds
Leaves
32 Centella asiatica
UMBELLIFERAE
spadeleaf
Indian pennywort
gotu kola
tonic
antirheumatic
diuretic
sedative
rubefacient
Aerial parts
33 Cephaelis ipecacuanha
ipecac amebicidal
emetic
expectorant
antipertussive
Root
Rhizome
34 Ceratonia siliqua
CERATONIACEAE
St. John's bread
carob
laxative
antidiarrheal
astringent
Fruit
Bark
35 Cetraria islandica
Iceland moss
Islandsk lav
demulcent
antitussive
bitter
anthelmintic
antibiotic
Whole plant
36 Chamaelirium luteum
MELANTHIACEAE
fairywand
helonias
false unicorn root
blazing star
uterine tonic
ovarian tonic
emmenagogue
diuretic
Root
37 Chamaemelum nobile
COMPOSITAE
Roman chamomile bitter
antiemetic
sedative
antispasmodic
analgesic
digestive tonic
anti-inflammatory
antiallergenic
Flowers
Essential oil
38 Chamaenerion angustifolia
ONAGRACEAE
rosebay willowherb demulcent
astringent
antidiarrheal
prostate tonic
Aerial parts
39 Chamomilla recutita
German chamomile anti-inflammatory
antispasmodic
gynecologic
carminative
bitter
antiallergenic
relaxant
Flowers
40 Cheiranthus cheiri
wallflower diuretic
cardiotonic
Leaves
Flowers
41 Chelidonium majus
CHELIDONIACEAE
greater celandine sedative
bronchiolytic
cholagogue
detoxifier
sedative
emollient
Aerial parts
Latex
42 Chelone glabra
CHELONACEAE
white turtlehead
balmony
bitter
gallbladder tonic
cholagogue
antiemetic
antidepressant
anthelmintic
Aerial parts
43 Chenopodium ambrosioides
CHENOPODIACEAE
epazote
Mexican tea
wormseed
American wormseed
anthelmintic
digestive tonic
antispasmodic
antiasthmatic
vulnerary
Aerial parts
Flowers
44 Chenopodium bonus-henricus
CHENOPODIACEAE
good King Henry antianemic Aerial parts
Flowers
45 Chimaphila umbellata
ERICACEAE
prince's pine
pipsissewa
astringent
diuretic
urinary tonic
antirheumatic
hypoglycemic
Leaves
46 Chionanthus virginicus
fringe tree liver tonic
cholagogue
laxative
gallbladder tonic
hypoglycemic
bitter
Root bark
Bark
47 Chondrodendron tomentosum
MENISPERMACEAE
pareira laxative
diuretic
emmenagogue
paralytic
Root
Stems
48 Chrysanthemum x morifolium
chrysanthemum
ju hua
diaphoretic
antiseptic
hypotensive
febrifuge
Flowers
49 Cichorium endiva
CICHORIACEAE
endive liver tonic
digestive tonic
urinary antiseptic
antirheumatic
laxative
Root
Leaves
Flowers
50 Cichorium intybus
CICHORIACEAE
Belgian endive
Italian dandelion
asparagus chicory
liver tonic
digestive tonic
urinary antiseptic
antirheumatic
laxative
Root
Leaves
Flowers
51 Cimicifuga racemosa
CIMICIFUGACEAE
black cohosh
squawroot
black snakeroot
bugwort
emmenagogue
antirheumatic
expectorant
sedative
Root
52 Cinchona officinalis
CINCHONACEAE
quinine
Peruvian bark
cinchona
bitter
febrifuge
antimalarial
tonic
antispasmodic
astringent
antibacterial
Bark
53 Cineraria maritima
COMPOSITAE
silver ragwort conjunctivitis wash Whole plant
54 Cinnamomum camphora
camphor tree antiseptic
carcinogenic
stimulant
antispasmodic
antirheumatic
emollient
Stems
Root
Wood
Leaves
Twigs
Essential oil
55 Cinnamomum verum
cinnamon
dalcini
stimulant
carminative
antispasmodic
antiseptic
antiviral
Inner bark
Stems
56 Citrullus vulgaris
CUCURBITACEAE
watermelon anthelmintic
kidney tonic
Fruit
Seeds
57 Citrus aurantiifolia
CITRACEAE
lime contraceptive
bitter
carminative
antiscorbutic
sedative
digestive tonic
antispasmodic
sedative
cardiotonic
Fruit
Peel
Leaves
Flowers
Seeds
Essential oil
58 Citrus aurantium
CITRACEAE
Seville orange
bitter orange
contraceptive
bitter
carminative
antiscorbutic
sedative
digestive tonic
antispasmodic
sedative
cardiotonic
Fruit
Peel
Leaves
Flowers
Seeds
Essential oil
59 Citrus bergamia
CITRACEAE
Bergamot orange
bergamot
antispasmodic
digestive tonic
Essential oil
60 Citrus limon
CITRACEAE
lemon antiseptic
antirheumatic
antibacterial
antioxidant
febrifuge
Fruit
Essential oil
61 Clematis chinensis
CLEMATIDACEAE
Chinese clematis
wei ling xian
antirheumatic Leaves
62 Clematis vitalba
CLEMATIDACEAE
evergreen clematis
RobinHood's fetter
love-bind
traveler's joy
white vine
greybeard
snow-in-harvest
old man's beard
smokewood
withywind
analgesic
diuretic
Leaves
63 Clerodendrum serratum
bronchiolytic Leaves
64 Clerodendrum trichotomum
chou wu tong antirheumatic
hypotensive
analgesic
Leaves
65 Cnicus benedictus
CNICACEAE
blessed thistle
holy thistle
bitter
anti-inflammatory
antibiotic
gallbladder tonic
expectorant
vulnerary
Leaves
Flowers
66 Cnidium monnieri
UMBELLIFERAE
Monnier's snowparsley
she chuang zi
antifungal
emollient
impotence remedy
Seeds
Essential oil
67 Cochlearia officinalis
scurvy grass antiscorbutic
antiseptic
laxative
detoxifier
diuretic
Leaves
Aerial parts
68 Codonopsis pilosula
CAMPANULACEAE
codonopsis
dang shen
adaptogenic
stimulant
tonic
Root
69 Coffea arabica
COFFEACEAE
Arabian coffee stimulant
digestive stimulant
diuretic
analgesic
Seeds
70 Cola acuminata
STERCULIACEAE
abata cola
kola nut
cola nut
digestive tonic
tonic
aphrodisiac
antidepressant
diuretic
analgesic
astringent
antidiarrheal
antidysenteric
Seeds
71 Colchicum autumnale
COLCHICACEAE
autumn crocus
colchicum
meadow saffron
Corm
Seeds
72 Coleus forskohlii
LABIATAE
coleus hypotensive
antispasmodic
bronchiolytic
vasodilator
cardiotonic
Root
Leaves
73 Collinsonia canadensis
stoneroot
richweed
horse balm
diuretic
stone inhibitor
astringent
Root
Leaves
74 Commiphora molmol
BURSERACEAE
myrrh stimulant
antiseptic
anti-inflammatory
astringent
expectorant
antispasmodic
carminative
Gum
Essential oil
75 Conium maculatum
UMBELLIFERAE
poison hemlock paralytic Leaves
Seeds
76 Convallaria majalis
CONVALLARIACEAE
lily-of-the-valley cardiac
diuretic
hypotensive
Leaves
Flowers
77 Copaifera lansdorfii
copaiba vulnerary
antihemorrhoidal
bronchiolytic
antidiarrheal
cystotonic
emollient
Oleo-resin
78 Coptis chinensis
RANUNCULACEAE
Chinese goldthread
huang lian
antibacterial
amebicidal
antidiarrheal
bitter
antidysenteric
antiemetic
emollient
conjunctivitis wash
Root
79 Coptis trifolia
RANUNCULACEAE
goldthread conjunctivitis wash
bitter
Rhizome
80 Coriandrum sativum
CORIANDRACEAE
coriander
Chinese parsley
cilantro
yuen tsai
carminative
antispasmodic
antirheumatic
aphrodisiac
Seeds
Essential oil
Leaves
81 Cornus excelsa
CORNACEAE
astringent
tonic
82 Cornus florida
CORNACEAE
flowering dogwood febrifuge
83 Cornus mas
CORNACEAE
Cornelian cherry astringent
febrifuge
Fruit
84 Cornus officinalis
CORNACEAE
shan zhu yu amenorrheic
premature ejaculation remedy
astringent
Fruit
85 Cornus sanguinea
CORNACEAE
bloodtwig dogwood
female cornel
common dogwood
astringent
febrifuge
Bark
86 Corydalis yanhusuo
CORYDALACEAE
corydalis
yan hu suo
analgesic
antispasmodic
sedative
Rhizome
87 Crataegus oxyacantha
English hawthorn
whitethorn
May
cardiotonic
vasodilator
antioxidant
hypertensive
hypotensive
relaxant
Flowers
Berries
88 Crataeva nurvula
three-leaved caper
barun
varuna
diuretic
stone inhibitor
Bark
Leaves
89 Crithmum maritimum
samphire
sea fennel
antiscorbutic
diuretic
carminative
digestive tonic
Aerial parts
90 Crocus sativus
CROCACEAE
saffron emmenagogue
gynecologic
Stigmas
Styles
91 Cucurbita pepo
CUCURBITACEAE
pumpkin
spaghetti squash
Manchurian squash
vegetable spaghetti
heals burns
anthelmintic
diuretic
urinary tonic
prostate tonic
Seeds
Pulp
92 Cuminum cyminum
cumin carminative
digestive stimulant
galactagogue
Seeds
93 Cupressus sempervirens
CUPRESSACEAE
Italian cypress astringent
antihemorrhoidal
febrifuge
antispasmodic
antipertussive
antirheumatic
Cones
Branches
Essential oil
94 Curcuma amada
CURCUMACEAE
mango ginger carminative
bronchiolytic
vulnerary
Rhizome
95 Curcuma longa
CURCUMACEAE
turmeric
jiang huang
haldi
cholagogue
anti-inflammatory
stomachic
antioxidant
antibacterial
Rhizome
96 Curcuma zedoaria
CURCUMACEAE
zedoary
keshari
anticarcinogenic
bitter
carminative
Rhizome
97 Cuscuta epithymum
CUSCUTACEAE
hellweed
dodder
devil's guts
liver tonic
laxative
urinary tonic
Aerial parts
98 Cuscuta reflexa
CUSCUTACEAE
giant dodder urinary tonic Aerial parts
99 Cyanopsis tetragonoloba
COMPOSITAE
guar gum laxative
lowers cholesterol
digestive tonic
Pods
Seeds
100 Cydonia oblonga
CYDONIACEAE
quince astringent
laxative
demulcent
Fruit
Seeds
101 Cymbalaria muralis
SCROPHULARIACEAE
Kenilworth ivy
ivy-leaved toadflax
vulnerary
102 Cymbopogon citratus
GRAMINEAE
lemon grass
oil grass
fever grass
digestive tonic
carminative
febrifuge
antifungal
Leaves
Essential oil
103 Cynara scolymus
CYNARACEAE
globe artichoke liver tonic
bitter
cholagogue
lowers cholesterol
hypoglycemic
diuretic
antirheumatic
Flowers
Leaves
Root
104 Cyperus esculentus
CYPERACEAE
chufa
tiger nut
digestive tonic
carminative
diuretic
emmenagogue
aphrodisiac
antidysenteric
Tubers
105 Cyperus papyrus
CYPERACEAE
papyrus
Egyptian paper reed
106 Cyperus rotundus
CYPERACEAE
nutgrass
sedge
liver tonic
emmenagogue
digestive tonic
Tubers
107 Cyperus stolonifera
CYPERACEAE
cardiac
digestive tonic
Tubers
108 Cypripedium pubescens
CYPRIPEDIACEAE
American valerian
lady's slipper
sedative
antispasmodic
gynecologic
anthelmintic
relaxant
tranquilizer
Root
  ..............................   ..............................

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

  Order your copy here