Arbutus unedo
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Arbutus unedo

strawberry tree
killarney strawberry

  Family ERICACEAE 
  Genus Arbutus 

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Identification
Genus  Arbutus Species  unedo Variety  Cultivar  Common names  strawberry tree   killarney strawberry Family  ERICACEAE Specimen number  S11895 Data source  GrUnFr p181;HtZn p78;MedPl p168
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  8' - 12' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-04 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Arbutus unedo has a colorful display of berries in the fall and early winter. Strawberry tree (also known as killarney strawberry) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30 Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species likes full sun to partial shade. It likes well drained soils.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  orange-red berries Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  urinary antiseptic   astringent   antidiarrheal   antidysenteric Medicinal parts  Leaves   Fruit Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is 1/2 inch globe shaped, rough surfaced, white turning to red when ripe, juicy but bland and containing numerous seeds. Arbutus unedo is typically used in jam. In the distillery, Strawberry tree (sometimes called killarney strawberry) is made into distilled liquor and wine. This plant has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a urinary antiseptic, as an astringent, as an antidiarrheal and as an antidysenteric. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The leaves and the fruit are used in herbal preparations.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Seed Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Sep 01 - Nov 30 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Jam   Wine   Distilled liquor Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts 1/2 inch globe shaped, rough surfaced, white turning to red when ripe, juicy but bland and containing numerous seeds. Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Arbutus unedo to produce fruit. Harvesting can begin in September and continue through November. Propagation of Strawberry tree (in some places called killarney strawberry) can be achieved by seed. This plant probably originates from Eastern Mediterranean and Ireland.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Arbutus unedo is a woody perennial. Strawberry tree (locally known in some parts as killarney strawberry) is evergreen. Flowers: This plant has 2" clusters of urn-shaped flowers. Bark: This species has deep reddish-brown bark.

Page 394 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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