Heteromeles arbutifolia
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Heteromeles arbutifolia

toyon
california holly
Christmas berry

  Family ROSACEAE 
  Genus Heteromeles 

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Identification
Genus  Heteromeles Species  arbutifolia Variety  Cultivar  Common names  toyon   california holly   Christmas berry Family  ROSACEAE Specimen number  S11396 Data source  HtZn p125;Frgnt p292
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Shrub Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  12' - 25' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 08a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-08 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Heteromeles arbutifolia has attractive berries during the winter. Christmas berry (also known as toyon and california holly) has flowers that are mildly hawthorn smelling. This plant can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 10 Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. This plant likes full sun to partial shade. It does well in well drained soils.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  red berries in late summer Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  hawthorn-like scent Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Hawthorn Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  Heteromeles arbutifolia is a wildflower and is thought to originate from California.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Heteromeles arbutifolia is evergreen. Leaves: Christmas berry (locally known in some parts as toyon and california holly) has glossy, dark, sharply toothed leaves. Flowers: This plant has inconspicuous flowers. The blossoms are most often a white color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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