Mitchella repens
   Compleat Botanica    Plants    Specimen names    Specimen (Mi - Mi)   
 
 
   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.

 

 

Taxonomic
ranks

Details

 

Sponsors

 

 

Mitchella repens

partridgeberry
twinberry
checkerberry
winter clover
oneberry
squaw vine

  Family RUBIACEAE 
  Genus Mitchella 

More specimen entries
[Prev]  [Mitchella repens]  [Next]

 

Identification
Genus  Mitchella Species  repens Variety  Cultivar  Common names  partridgeberry   twinberry   checkerberry   winter clover   oneberry   squaw vine Family  RUBIACEAE Specimen number  S11669 Data source  GrUnFr p323;HtZn p143;MedPl p234;Frgnt p299;Frgnt p197
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Prostrate Overall height  2" - 4" Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Mitchella repens has attractive berries during the winter. Squaw vine (also known as checkerberry, oneberry, winter clover, partridgeberry and twinberry) has flowers that are mildly sweet. This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in partial to full shade. It needs soil that is moist.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  bright red berries in autumn Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   galactagogue   amenorrheic   uterine tonic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Berries Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are 1/4 inch round berry, bright red color, spicy taste, topped with two residual calyxes. Mitchella repens is most often used fresh. Squaw vine (sometimes called checkerberry, oneberry, winter clover, partridgeberry and twinberry) has herbal applications as an astringent, as a galactagogue, as an amenorrheic and as a uterine tonic. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. This plant is not to be taken by pregnant women. The aerial parts and the berries are used in herbal preparations.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  scented. fragrant Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Division   Layering Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Fresh Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts 1/4 inch round berry, bright red color, spicy taste, topped with two residual calyxes. Flavor / texture 
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Mitchella repens to produce fruit. Squaw vine (in some places called checkerberry, oneberry, winter clover, partridgeberry and twinberry) can be propagated by division or by layering. This plant is considered to have originated from North America.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Flowers: Mitchella repens has flowers that appear in pairs. The flowers are typically of a white color.

Page 3036 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

  Order your copy here