Sambucus canadensis
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Sambucus canadensis

American elderberry
sweet elder

  Family SAMBUCACEAE 
  Genus Sambucus 

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Identification
Genus  Sambucus Species  canadensis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  American elderberry   sweet elder Family  SAMBUCACEAE Specimen number  S8459 Data source  ColorNat p15;GrUnFr p117;Frgnt p312;Frgnt p130
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  10' - 12' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Sambucus canadensis has flowers that are overpoweringly nauseous. The berries of American elderberry (also known as sweet elder) as well as the leaves have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including bluish gray, blue, pinkish beige, purple, yellow, green and pink-violet. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, chrome, iron.)
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is 1/4 inch globular shaped, purple-black in color. It has a sweeter, richer, more flavorful taste than S. nigra. Sambucus canadensis is most commonly used fresh.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant. fetid overpowering sweetness up close,agreeable from a distance Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Overpowering Fragrance category  Nauseous Dye parts  Berries   Leaves Dye color  bluish gray,blue,pinkish beige,purple,yellow,green,pink-violet
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Cutting   Seed Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh Nutritional value  Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts 1/4 inch globular shaped, purple-black in color Flavor / texture  has a sweeter, richer, more flavorful taste than S. nigra
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  Sambucus canadensis is self fertile. American elderberry (in some places called sweet elder) is often propagated using a cutting or by seed. This plant probably originates from North America.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Sambucus canadensis is a woody perennial. American elderberry (locally known in some parts as sweet elder) is deciduous in nature.

Page 4292 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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