Sambucus nigra
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Sambucus nigra

elder
elderberry

  Family SAMBUCACEAE 
  Genus Sambucus 

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Identification
Genus  Sambucus Species  nigra Variety  Cultivar  Common names  elder   elderberry Family  SAMBUCACEAE Specimen number  S8681 Data source  DyePl p58;GrUnFr p114;MedPl p131
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  30' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The leaves of Sambucus nigra have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellow is the most typical color produced by Elder (also known as elderberry). Elder was used in Bosnia and Herzegovina for dyeing.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  diaphoretic   diuretic   anti-inflammatory Medicinal parts  Flowers   Berries Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is 1/4 inch globular-shaped, purple-black in color. It is very juicy. Its most notable nutritional component is iron. Among its many possible uses in the kitchen, Sambucus nigra is often used in sweets and in jelly. Elder (sometimes called elderberry) is considered by some to be an herbal remedy. It's used as a diaphoretic, a diuretic or an anti-inflammatory. The flowers and the berries are used in herbal preparations.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Leaves Dye color  yellow
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Cutting   Seed Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Extra nitrogen Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Sweets   Jelly Nutritional value  Iron Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts 1/4 inch globular-shaped, purple-black in color Flavor / texture  very juicy
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Sambucus nigra to produce fruit. Extra nitrogen is required for optimal growth. Elder (in some places called elderberry) can be propagated using a cutting or by seed. This plant most likely originates from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe and western Asia.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Sambucus nigra is deciduous in nature.

Page 4298 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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