Vigna sinensis
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Vigna sinensis

cowpea
field peas
Southern peas

  Family FABACEAE 
  Genus Vigna 

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Identification
Genus  Vigna Species  sinensis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  cowpea   field peas   Southern peas Family  FABACEAE Specimen number  S11994 Data source  UnVeg p141
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Biennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 07 Acceptable soil pH  Slightly acidic USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Full sun to partial shade is needed for Vigna sinensis to do its best.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The seed pods of this plant and the beans are both edible. Its most notable nutritional component is protein. Vigna sinensis is most often used dried or fresh.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Climbing Crop spacing  3" Row spacing  3' Cold frame  8 weeks Planting period  Jun 01 - Jun 30 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very tender Heat requirement  Warm Fertilizer  Potassium Time to harvest  55 to 70 days
 
Nutrition
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Dried Nutritional value  Protein Edible parts  Seed pods   Beans Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has pods with a hearty flavor
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  The best month for planting is June. Typical crop spacing is 3". Space rows about 3' apart. Harden in a cold frame for 8 weeks prior to setting out. It requires warm days for good production. It is very tender and will die on the first cold night. Potassium is required for optimal growth. Estimated time to harvest is 55 to 70 days. Vigna sinensis is typically propagated by seed.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 4905 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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