Prunus
   Compleat Botanica    Plants    Genus names    Genera (P)    Genera (Pr - Pr)   
 
 
   

 

 

Taxonomic
ranks

Details

 

Sponsors

 

 

More Genus entries
[ Prunellopsis ] [ Prunus ] [ Pryona ]

Vernacular names of plants within the Genus Prunus

almond
apricot
cherry
desert peach
file prune
islay
laurel
mountain holly
myrobalan
plum

Hierarchical position of the Genus Prunus

   Regnum  Plantae
common name: The plant kingdom
  
   Divisio  Magnoliophyta Cronquist
syn. Angiospermophyta / Anthophyta
pub. Takht. & Zimmerm. ex Reveal, Phytologia 79: 70. 29 Apr 1996.
common name: angiosperms, flowering plants
  
   Subdivisio  Magnoliophytina Frohne & U. Jensen ex Reveal
pub. Phytologia 79: 70. 29 Apr 1996.
common name: Angiosperms
  
   Classis  Rosopsida Batsch
pub. Dispos. Gen. Pl. Jenens.: 28. 1788.
  
   Subclassis  Rosidae Takht.
pub. Sist. Filog. Cvetk. Rast.: 264. Jan-Mar 1967.
  
   SuperOrdo  Rosanae Takht.
pub. Sist. Filog. Cvetk. Rast.: 264. Jan-Mar 1967.
  
   Ordo  Rosales Perleb
pub. 1826
  
   Subordo  Rosineae Rchb.
pub. Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: lxvi. Jul 1841.
  
   Familia  Rosaceae Juss.
pub. Gen. Pl.: 334. 4 Aug 1789, nom. cons.
common name: Roses
  
   Subfamilia  Prunoideae Horan.
pub. Char. Ess. Fam.: 158. 1847.
common name: almond, cherry, prune, plum
  
   Tribus  Pruneae Benth. & Hook.f.
pub. Gen. Pl. 1: 601, 602. 19 Oct 1865.
  
   Genus  Prunus L.
pub. (1753)
common name: plum
  

Named members of the Genus Prunus

1
   Species  alabamensis C. Mohr
common name: Alabama cherry
2
   Species  alleghaniensis Porter
 
3
   Varietas  alleghaniensis
common name: Allegheny plum
4
   Varietas  davisii (W. Wight) Sarg.
common name: Davis' plum
5
   Species  americana Marsh.
common name: wild plum, file prune, wild cherry, American plum
  
 
6
   Varietas  lanata Sudsworth
syn. Prunus mexicana
7
   Varietas  nigra (Ait.) Waugh
syn. Prunus nigra
8
   Species  amygdalus Batsch
syn. Prunus dulcis
9
   Species  andersonii Gray
common name: desert peach
10
   Species  angustifolia Marsh.
 
11
   Varietas  angustifolia
common name: Chickasaw plum
12
   Varietas  varians W. Wight & Hedrick
syn. Prunus angustifolia var. angustifolia
13
   Varietas  watsonii (Sarg.) Waugh
common name: Watson's plum
14
   Species  armeniaca L.
common name: apricot
  
15
   Species  avium (L.) L.
common name: sweet cherry
  
16
   Species  besseyi Bailey
syn. Prunus pumila var. besseyi
17
   Species  caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
common name: Carolina laurel cherry
  
18
   Species  cerasifera Ehrh.
common name: cherry plum, myrobalan
  
19
   Species  cerasus L.
common name: sour cherry
  
20
   Species  communis (L.) Arcang.
syn. Prunus dulcis
21
   Species  cuneata Raf.
syn. Prunus pumila var. susquehanae
22
   Species  demissa (Nutt.) Walp.
syn. Prunus virginiana var. demissa
common name: western choke cherry
  
23
   Species  depressa Pursh
syn. Prunus pumila var. depressa
24
   Species  domestica L.
common name: plum
  
 
25
   Varietas  domestica
common name: European plum
26
   Subspecies  insititia (L.) Schneid.
syn. Prunus domestica var. insititia
27
   Varietas  insititia (L.) Fiori & Paoletti
common name: European plum
28
   Species  dulcis (P. Mill.) D.A. Webber
common name: sweet almond
29
   Species  emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) D. Dietr.
common name: bitter cherry
  
 
30
   Varietas  crenulata (Greene) Kearney & Peebles
syn. Prunus emarginata var. emarginata
31
   Varietas  emarginata
common name: bitter cherry
32
   Varietas  mollis (Dougl. ex Hook.) Brewer
common name: bitter cherry
33
   Species  fasciculata (Torr.) Gray
 
34
   Varietas  fasciculata
common name: desert almond
35
   Varietas  punctata Jepson
common name: desert almond
36
   Species  fremontii S. Wats.
common name: desert apricot
37
   Species  fruticosa Pallas
common name: European dwarf cherry
38
   Species  geniculata Harper
common name: scrub plum
39
   Species  glandulosa Thunb.
common name: flowering almond
40
   Species  gracilis Engelm. & Gray
common name: Oklahoma plum
41
   Species  gravesii Small
syn. Prunus maritima var. gravesii
42
   Species  havardii (W. Wight) S.C. Mason
common name: Havard's plum
43
   Species  hortulana Bailey
 
44
   Varietas  mineri Bailey
syn. Prunus hortulana
45
   Species  ilicifolia (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) D. Dietr.
common name: Islay, evergreen cherry, mountain holly
  
 
46
   Subspecies  ilicifolia
common name: hollyleaf cherry
47
   Subspecies  lyonii (Eastw.) Raven
common name: hollyleaf cherry
48
   Species  injuncunda Small
syn. Prunus umbellata var. injuncunda
49
   Species  insititia L.
syn. Prunus domestica var. insititia
50
   Species  japonica Thunb. ex Murray
common name: Japanese bush cherry
51
   Species  lanata (Sudsworth) Mackenzie & Bush
syn. Prunus mexicana
52
   Species  laurocerasus L.
common name: cherry laurel
  
53
   Species  lusitanica L.
common name: Portugal laurel
54
   Species  lyonii (Eastw.) Sarg.
syn. Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
55
   Species  mahaleb L.
common name: Mahaleb cherry
56
   Species  maritima Marsh.
common name: beach plum
  
 
57
   Varietas  gravesii (Small) G.J. Anderson
common name: Graves' plum
58
   Varietas  maritima
common name: beach plum
59
   Species  melanocarpa (A. Nels.) Rydb.
syn. Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa
60
   Species  mexicana S. Wats.
 
61
   Varietas  flutonensis (Sarg.) Sarg.
syn. Prunus mexicana
62
   Varietas  polyandra (Sarg.) Sarg.
syn. Prunus mexicana
63
   Species  minutiflora Engelm.
common name: Texas almond
64
   Species  mitis Beadle
syn. Prunus umbellata var. umbellata
65
   Species  mume Siebold & Zucc.
common name: Japanese apricot, ume  (Japanese), plum, wu mei  (Chinese), meboshi  (Japanese)
  
66
   Species  munsoniana W. Wight & Hedrick
common name: wild goose plum
67
   Species  murrayana Palmer
common name: Murray's plum
68
   Species  myrtifolia (L.) Urban
common name: West Indian cherry
69
   Species  nigra Ait.
common name: Canadian plum
  
70
   Species  occidentalis Sw.
common name: western cherry laurel
71
   Species  padus L.
common name: European bird cherry, hegg  (Norwegian)
  
72
   Species  pensylvanica L. f.
 
73
   Subspecies  corymbulosa (Rydb.) W. Wight
syn. Prunus pensylvanica var. saximontana
74
   Varietas  mollis (Dougl.) Boivin
syn. Prunus mexicana
75
   Varietas  pensylvanica
common name: pin cherry
76
   Varietas  saximontana Rehd.
common name: pin cherry
77
   Species  persica (L.) Batsch
common name: peach
  
 
78
   Varietas  nectarina (Aiton) Maxim.
syn. Prunus persica var. nucipersica
common name: nectarine
  
79
   Varietas  nucipersica (Suckow) C. Schneider
common name: nectarine
  
80
   Varietas  persica
common name: peach
81
   Species  pleuradenia Griseb.
82
   Species  pumila L.
 
83
   Subspecies  besseyi (Bailey) Nizhnikev
syn. Prunus pumila var. besseyi
84
   Varietas  besseyi (Bailey) Gleason
common name: western sandcherry
85
   Varietas  cuneata (Raf.) Bailey
syn. Prunus pumila var. susquehanae
86
   Varietas  depressa (Pursh) Gleason
common name: eastern sandcherry
87
   Varietas  pumila
common name: Great Lakes sandcherry
88
   Varietas  susquehanae (hort. ex Willd.) Jaeger
common name: Sesquehana sandcherry
89
   Species  reverchonii Sarg.
syn. Prunus rivularis
90
   Species  rivularis Scheele
common name: creek plum
91
   Species  salicina Lindley
common name: Japanese plum
92
   Species  serotina Ehrh.
common name: wild black cherry
  
 
93
   Varietas  alabamensis (C. Mohr) Little
syn. Prunus alabamensis
94
   Subspecies  eximia (Small) McVaugh
syn. Prunus serotina var. eximia
95
   Varietas  eximia (Small) Little
common name: black cherry
96
   Subspecies  hirsuta (Ell.) McVaugh
syn. Prunus alabamensis
97
   Varietas  rufula (Woot. & Standl.) McVaugh
common name: black cherry
98
   Varietas  serotina
common name: black cherry
99
   Varietas  virens (Woot. & Standl.) McVaugh
common name: black cherry
100
   Species  serrulata Lindl.
common name: Japanese flowering cherry
101
   Species  spinosa L.
common name: blackthorn, slapetorn  (Norwegian)
  
102
   Species  subcordata Benth.
 
103
   Varietas  kelloggii J.G. Lemmon
common name: Kellogg's Klamath plum
104
   Varietas  oregana (Greene) W. Wight ex M.E. Peck
common name: Oregon Klamath plum
105
   Varietas  rubicunda Jepson
common name: Klamath plum
106
   Varietas  subcordata
common name: Klamath plum
107
   Species  subhirtella Miq.
108
   Species  susquehanae hort. ex Willd.
syn. Prunus pumila var. susquehanae
109
   Species  tenella Batsch
common name: prunus
110
   Species  texana F.G. Dietr.
common name: peachbush
111
   Species  tomentosa Thunb.
common name: Nanking cherry
  
112
   Species  triflora Roxb.
syn. Prunus salicina
113
   Species  triloba Lindl.
common name: flowering plum
114
   Species  umbellata Ell.
 
115
   Varietas  injuncunda (Small) Sarg.
common name: hog plum
116
   Varietas  tarda (Sarg.) W. Wight
syn. Prunus umbellata var. umbellata
117
   Varietas  umbellata
common name: hog plum
118
   Species  virens (Woot. & Standl.) Shreve
 
119
   Varietas  rufula (Woot. & Standl.) Sarg.
syn. Prunus serotina var. rufula
120
   Species  virginiana L.
common name: chokecherry
  
 
121
   Subspecies  demissa (Nutt.) Taylor & MacBryde
syn. Prunus virginiana var. demissa
122
   Varietas  demissa (Nutt.) Torr.
common name: western chokecherry
123
   Subspecies  melanocarpa (A. Nels.) Taylor & MacBryde
syn. Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa
124
   Varietas  melanocarpa (A. Nels.) Sarg.
common name: black chokecherry
125
   Varietas  virginiana
common name: chokecherry
126
   Species  x domestica L.
 
127
   Varietas  insititia (L.) Boivin (pro nm.)
syn. Prunus domestica var. insititia
128
   Species  x orthosepala Koehne (pro sp.)
129
   Species  x palmeri Sarg. (pro sp.)
130
   Species  x slavinii Palmer ex Rehd.

Individual specimen entries are published in the sample database supplied with The Compleat Botanica for species or varieties of this supra-generic taxon.

Additional information is available in the commercial version of The Compleat Botanica software for species with this symbol.

 

For a description of the methodology followed in establishing this hierarchy see the note Nomenclature used in The Compleat Botanica.

 

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

  Order your copy here