Acacia catechu
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Acacia catechu

black cutch
gum catechu
black catechu

  family mimosaceae 
  genus acacia 

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Genus  Acacia Species  catechu Variety  Cultivar  Common names  black cutch   gum catechu   black catechu Family  MIMOSACEAE Specimen number  S8502 Data source  ColorNat p15;DyePl p35;MedPl p157
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The oil of Acacia catechu as well as the heartwood has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Brown and brown are common colors produced with Black catechu (also known as black cutch and gum catechu). Catechu is one of the classic dyes of the ancients and has been in use for centuries. Fabrics dyed with these plant parts include wool and cotton. Common mordants used to fix the color to the fabric when dyeing with this plant include alum, potassium dichromate or copper sulfate. The ancient brown dye obtained from this plant is prepared from heartwood chips which are boiled to make a gum resin base used in the dyer's vat.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   antidiarrheal   hemostatic Medicinal parts  Bark   Heartwood   Leaves   Shoots Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Acacia catechu is considered by some to be an herbal remedy. It's used as an astringent, an antidiarrheal or a hemostatic. The bark as well as the heartwood and the leaves and the shoots are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Oil   Heartwood Dye color  brown,dark brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Acacia catechu is thought to originate from Southeastern Asia and East Indies.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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