Achillea millefolium
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Achillea millefolium

thousand seal

  family compositae 
  genus achillea 

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Genus  Achillea Species  millefolium Variety  Cultivar  Common names  yarrow   milfoil   thousand seal   nosebleed Family  COMPOSITAE Specimen number  S12731 Data source  CrscntBlm;ColorNat p27;BtrflyCa p75;DyePl p70;HtZn p69;MedPl p54;Frgnt p274;Xeri p283
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Ascending Overall height  2' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Poor Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Don's at Tuolumne Compost  no Size at acquisition  1 gallon Garden location  Patio wall Garden notes  The leaves of Achillea millefolium have a mildly pungent aroma. The flowers of Nosebleed (also known as yarrow, milfoil or thousand seal) as well as the whole plant and the leaves have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including yellow, olive green, green, brilliant yellow, yellow-gray and grayish-pink. Yarrow is used in Lapland for dyeing. It is used in dyeing wool. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. The best soil for this species has a texture that is poor. It does well in moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Vanessa cardui (painted lady butterfly) Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  antispasmodic   astringent   bitter   diaphoretic   hypotensive   febrifuge   diuretic   urinary antiseptic   hemostatic   emmenagogue   anti-inflammatory Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Leaves   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Use essential oil only under professional guidance. Medicinal notes  Achillea millefolium has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as an antispasmodic, as an astringent, as a bitter and as a diaphoretic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) Nosebleed (sometimes called yarrow, milfoil or thousand seal) should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. The aerial parts together with the leaves and the essential oil are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist. Use essential oil only under professional guidance.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  pungent odor Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Pungent Dye parts  Flowers   Whole plant   Leaves Dye color  yellow,olive green,green,brilliant yellow,yellow-gray,grayish-pink
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Achillea millefolium is a wildflower and is thought to originate from Lapland.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Achillea millefolium is a perennial. Flowers: Nosebleed (locally known in some parts as yarrow, milfoil or thousand seal) has flat topped flower clusters that are up to 5" across. Flowers are often found in such colors as pink, yellow or white.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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