Actinidia kolomikta
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Actinidia kolomikta

Manchurian gooseberry
super-hardy kiwifruit

  family actinidiaceae 
  genus actinidia 

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Identification
Genus  Actinidia Species  kolomikta Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Manchurian gooseberry   super-hardy kiwifruit Family  ACTINIDIACEAE Specimen number  S11971 Data source  GrUnFr p84;Frgnt p144;UnFruit pp121-138
 
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Vine Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  10' Overall spread   
 
Climate
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-07b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
 
Garden
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Actinidia kolomikta have a strong perfume scented fragrance. Super-hardy kiwifruit (also known as Manchurian gooseberry) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit. It won't do too well if the winter temperatures are consistently above 5 Fahrenheit.
 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
 
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
 
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The fruit is yellow. It has the classic kiwifruit interior but is sweeter and has smooth edible skins (smaller than A. arguta). Its most notable nutritional component is vitamin C. Actinidia kolomikta is a good source for the production of alcohol. Super-hardy kiwifruit (sometimes called Manchurian gooseberry) is most frequently used canned or fresh.
 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  very fragrant Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Perfume Dye parts  Dye color 
 
Cultivation
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Cross pollination Planting style  Climbing Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Aug 01 - Sep 30 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
 
Nutrition
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Canned   Alcohol Nutritional value  Vitamin C Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts yellow Flavor / texture  has the classic kiwifruit interior but is sweeter and has smooth edible skins (smaller than A. arguta)
 
Horticulture
Horticulture notes  In order to produce fruit Actinidia kolomikta needs to be cross-pollinated. Harvest time is August and September. Super-hardy kiwifruit (in some places called Manchurian gooseberry) is thought to originate from Manchuria and China.
 
Herbarium
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Actinidia kolomikta is a woody perennial. Super-hardy kiwifruit (locally known in some parts as Manchurian gooseberry) is deciduous in nature.

Page 93 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   

 

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