Allium sativum
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Allium sativum


  family alliaceae 
  genus allium 

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Genus  Allium Species  sativum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  garlic Family  ALLIACEAE Specimen number  S11998 Data source  MedPl p56;UnVeg p185
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Clump forming Overall height  10" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 29 Acceptable soil pH  Slightly acidic USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Full sun to partial shade is needed for Allium sativum to do its best.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  antibiotic   expectorant   diaphoretic   hypotensive   anticoagulant   hypoglycemic   anthelmintic   lowers cholesterol   immunostimulant Medicinal parts  Bulbs   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Allium sativum is typically used as a flavoring. Garlic has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as an antibiotic, as an expectorant, as a diaphoretic and as a hypotensive. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) The bulbs and the leaves are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Clumps Crop spacing  6" Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Nitrogen Time to harvest  fall and winter
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Flavoring Nutritional value  Edible parts  Bulbs Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  The best month for planting is May. Typical crop spacing is 6". It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Nitrogen is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is fall and winter. Propagation of Allium sativum can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Allium sativum has an annual life cycle.

Page 200 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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