Alnus glutinosa
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Alnus glutinosa

European alder
black alder

  family betulaceae 
  genus alnus 

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Genus  Alnus Species  glutinosa Variety  Cultivar  Common names  European alder   black alder   or   Fearna Family  BETULACEAE Specimen number  S8625 Data source  DyePl p56;DyePl p68;DyePl p65;MedPl p162
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The bark of Alnus glutinosa has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Black alder (also known as European alder) including black, yellow, yellow-brown and brownish-gray. Alnus glutinosa is known as or in Norwegian and Fearna in Gaelic. Alder is used in Norway for dyeing.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   anti-inflammatory   hemostatic   styptic   vulnerary Medicinal parts  Bark   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Alnus glutinosa has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as an astringent, as an anti-inflammatory, as a hemostatic and as a styptic. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. The bark and the leaves are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Bark Dye color  black,yellow,yellow-brown,brownish-gray
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Alnus glutinosa probably originates from Greece, Norway and Scotland.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 203 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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