Alnus spp.
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Alnus spp.


  family betulaceae 
  genus alnus 

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Genus  Alnus Species  spp. Variety  Cultivar  Common names  alder Family  BETULACEAE Specimen number  S8407 Data source  ColorNat p6;BtrflyCa p1;BtrflyCa p69
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Alnus spp. is a host plant for the western tiger swallowtail butterfly as well as the mourning cloak butterfly. The leaves of Alder as well as the bark and the twigs have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including yellow, yellowish green, tan, rosy brown and dark brown. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, iron, chrome.)
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Papillo rutulus (western tiger swallowtail butterfly);Nymphalis antiopa (mourning cloak butterfly) Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Leaves   Bark   Twigs Dye color  yellow,yellowish green,tan,rosy brown,dark brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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