Amelanchier alnifolia
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Amelanchier alnifolia

mountain juneberry

  family rosaceae 
  genus amelanchier 

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Genus  Amelanchier Species  alnifolia Variety  Cultivar  Common names  mountain juneberry   serviceberry   juneberry   saskatoon Family  ROSACEAE Specimen number  S11613 Data source  GrUnFr p178;HtZn p74;UnFruit pp55-64
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  15' - 40' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-03 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Amelanchier alnifolia can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. Juneberry (also known as saskatoon, mountain juneberry or serviceberrry) needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It needs soil that is moist, well drained.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are 1/4 inch round blueberry-sized pomes, purple or blue-black in color and covered with bloom. It has a juicy sweetness. Amelanchier alnifolia is typically used in sweets. Juneberry (sometimes called saskatoon, mountain juneberry or serviceberrry) is most frequently used fresh.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed   Buds Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style  Bush Crop spacing  8' Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Jun 01 - Jun 30 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Sweets Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts 1/4 inch round blueberry-sized pomes, purple or blue-black in color and covered with bloom Flavor / texture  has a juicy sweetness
Horticulture notes  Amelanchier alnifolia is self fertile. When planted agriculturally, space the plants 8' apart. Crops can be harvested throughout June. Juneberry (in some places called saskatoon, mountain juneberry or serviceberrry) is often propagated by seed or with buds. This plant may have originated from Western North America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Amelanchier alnifolia is a woody perennial. Juneberry (locally known in some parts as saskatoon, mountain juneberry or serviceberrry) is deciduous in nature. Leaves: This plant has leaves that change color to deep green in summer and yellow to red in autumn. Flowers: This species has clustered flowers. Flowers are borne during the month of March. The blossoms are usually a white color. Bark: This plant has attractive gray winter bark.

Page 250 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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