Arctium lappa
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Arctium lappa

greater burdock
niu bang zi
domestic burdock

  family compositae 
  genus arctium 

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Genus  Arctium Species  lappa Variety  Cultivar  Common names  greater burdock   niu bang zi   domestic burdock   gobo Family  COMPOSITAE Specimen number  S12050 Data source  MedPl p62;UnVeg p69
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Perennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 26 Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Arctium lappa does best in full sun. It needs soil that is moist. Arctium lappa is known as niu bang zi in Chinese and gobo in Japanese.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  detoxifier   diuretic   antibiotic   antiseptic Medicinal parts  Leaves   Fruit   Seeds Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It has a slightly fibrous carrot-like texture and a strong flavor. Arctium lappa is most frequently used cooked. Greater burrdock (sometimes called domestic burdock) has herbal applications as a detoxifier, as a diuretic, as an antibiotic and as an antiseptic. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. The leaves and the fruit and even the seeds are used to prepare herbal remedies.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Crowns and leaves Crop spacing  1' 6" Row spacing  2' Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Partially hardy Heat requirement  Any Fertilizer  Nitrogen Time to harvest  90 to 150 days
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Roots Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has a slightly fibrous carrot-like texture and a strong flavor
Horticulture notes  May is normally the best time to begin planting. When planted agriculturally, space the plants 1' 6" apart. Separate each row by approximately 2'. Nitrogen is required for optimal growth. Estimated time to harvest is 90 to 150 days. Arctium lappa is typically propagated by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 395 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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