Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi


  family ericaceae 
  genus arctostaphylos 

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Genus  Arctostaphylos Species  uva-ursi Variety  Cultivar  Common names  bearberry   melbaer   uva-ursi   kinnikinnick Family  ERICACEAE Specimen number  S12732 Data source  DyePl p70;DyePl p67;GrUnFr p217;HtZn p78;MedPl p168;Xeri p306;Xeri p297
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Sandy Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-03 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi has a colorful display of berries in the fall and early winter. The aerial parts of Uva-ursi (also known as kinnikinnick and bearberry) have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is known as melbaer in Norwegian. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including green, blue-green, yellow-green and gray. Bearberry is used in Lapland for dyeing. It is used in dyeing wool. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. This species can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does well in sandy soils. It prefers dry soils. This plant can survive for a while without water.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  red berries in the autumn Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  urinary antiseptic   astringent   antibacterial Medicinal parts  Leaves   Berries Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are 1/3 inch diameter shiny scarlet berry. Some of its possible culinary uses include: in jelly and in sauces. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as a urinary antiseptic, an astringent and an antibacterial. The leaves and the berries are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Aerial parts Dye color  green,blue-green,yellow-green,gray
Propagule  Cutting Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Jelly   Sauces Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts 1/3 inch diameter shiny scarlet berry. Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Arctostaphylos uva-ursi to produce fruit. Uva-ursi (in some places called kinnikinnick and bearberry) is typically propagated using a cutting. This plant probably originates from Lapland and Norway.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a perennial. Leaves: Uva-ursi (locally known in some parts as kinnikinnick and bearberry) has tiny oval leaves. Flowers: This plant has dangling clusters of urn-shaped flowers. The flowers are most often a white color, with an accent in red.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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