Armoracia rusticana
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Armoracia rusticana

red cole

  family cruciferae 
  genus armoracia 

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Genus  Armoracia Species  rusticana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  horseradish   red cole Family  CRUCIFERAE Specimen number  S11999 Data source  HtZn p79;MedPl p169;UnVeg p199
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread  1' - 2'
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 29 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Keep a watchful eye on this because it tends to be invasive. Armoracia rusticana can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. Horseradish (also known as red cole) needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in full sun to partial shade.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities  Invasive
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  stimulant   bitter   diuretic   diaphoretic   respiratory antiseptic   urinary antiseptic   expectorant   antibiotic Medicinal parts  Root   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It has a stimulating and pungent flavor. Armoracia rusticana if frequently used as a flavoring. Horseradish (sometimes called red cole) is most commonly used fresh or cooked. This plant has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a stimulant, as a bitter, as a diuretic and as a diaphoretic. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The root and the leaves are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  pungent root Fragrance parts  Roots Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Roots   Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Bush Crop spacing  1' Row spacing  2' Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Nitrogen Time to harvest  fall or spring
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked   Fresh   Flavoring Nutritional value  Edible parts  Roots Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has a stimulating and pungent flavor
Horticulture notes  The best month for planting is May. When planted agriculturally, space the plants 1' apart. Provide 2' spacing between rows. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Nitrogen is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is fall or spring. Armoracia rusticana can be propagated using the plant's roots or by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Armoracia rusticana has an annual life cycle. Leaves: Horseradish (locally known in some parts as red cole) has 2' leaves with wrinkled edges. Flowers: This plant has tiny flowers. The flowers are typically of a white color.

Page 438 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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