Artemisia absinthium
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Artemisia absinthium


  family asteraceae 
  genus artemisia 

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Genus  Artemisia Species  absinthium Variety  Cultivar  Common names  wormwood   absinthe Family  ASTERACEAE Specimen number  S13755 Data source  Allergy p287;ColorNat p5;MedPl p63;Frgnt p325;Xeri p297
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' 6" - 4' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Artemisia absinthium has mild resinous leaves. The leaves of Wormwood (also known as absinthe) have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including yellowish green, gold, light green and khaki. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, chrome, copper, iron.) This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. It needs soil that is dry. This plant can survive for a while without water.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Jul 01 - Sep 30 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  cholagogue   anti-inflammatory   anthelmintic   stomachic   antidepressant   bitter Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Artemisia absinthium has herbal applications as a cholagogue, as an anti-inflammatory, as an anthelmintic and as a stomachic. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. Wormwood (sometimes called absinthe) should only be used under professional guidance. This plant is not to be taken by pregnant women. The aerial parts and the leaves are used in herbal preparations. Although this plant is freely wind-pollinated, it shouldn't pose too much difficulty to the hay fever susceptible. July to September is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  bitter and acrid smell Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Resinous Dye parts  Leaves Dye color  yellowish green,gold,light green,khaki
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Artemisia absinthium is a cultivated ornamental.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Artemisia absinthium is a perennial.

Page 448 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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