Atriplex hortensis
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Atriplex hortensis

mountain spinach
butter leaves
musk weed

  family chenopodiaceae 
  genus atriplex 

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Genus  Atriplex Species  hortensis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  orache   mountain spinach   butter leaves   saltbush   musk weed Family  CHENOPODIACEAE Specimen number  S12029 Data source  HtZn p82;UnVeg p279
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Biennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  4' - 10' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 22,26 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 07-09 USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-05 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  This plant is often used in areas with seaside conditions. Atriplex hortensis needs summer days with high heat. Mountain spinach (also known as butter leaves, salt bush, musk weed and orach) does best in full sun. This plant tolerates windy and salty seaside conditions.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  yes Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses  Seaside conditions Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It has young leaves and stalks that are milder and less acidic than spinach. Atriplex hortensis is most frequently used cooked.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Tall stalks Crop spacing  2' Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  Apr 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  throughout summer (young tips)
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has young leaves and stalks that are milder and less acidic than spinach
Horticulture notes  April and May are the best months for planting new crops. When planted agriculturally, space the plants 2' apart. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. The best harvesting period is throughout summer (young tips). Propagation of Atriplex hortensis can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Leaves: Atriplex hortensis has 5" to 8" long leaves. Flowers: Mountain spinach (locally known in some parts as butter leaves, salt bush, musk weed and orach) has terminal clusters of tiny flowers. Blossoms appear in June and continue through August. Most often the flowers occur in either purple or red.

Page 559 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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