Baptisia tinctoria
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Baptisia tinctoria

false indigo
wild indigo

  family leguminosae 
  genus baptisia 

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Genus  Baptisia Species  tinctoria Variety  Cultivar  Common names  false indigo   wild indigo Family  LEGUMINOSAE Specimen number  S8725 Data source  DyePl p90;MedPl p174;Poison p106
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Prostrate Overall height  1' - 3' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Blue is the most typical color produced by Baptisia tinctoria. False Indigo has been used in Scotland for dyeing.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Whole plant Poisonous indications  It contains quinolizidine alkaloids which cause diarrhea and loss of appetite in humans, and leads to death in livestock. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  yes Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  immunostimulant   antiseptic   antimicrobial Medicinal parts  Root   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Baptisia tinctoria is considered by some to be an herbal remedy. It's used as an immunostimulant, an antiseptic or an antimicrobial. Wild indigo (sometimes called false indigo) should only be used under professional guidance. The root and the leaves are used in herbal preparations. This whole plant is toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. Keep out of pastures and away from livestock grazing areas. It contains quinolizidine alkaloids which cause diarrhea and loss of appetite in humans, and leads to death in livestock.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color  blue
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Baptisia tinctoria may have originated from Scotland.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Baptisia tinctoria is a perennial. Flowers: Wild indigo (locally known in some parts as false indigo) has pea like flowers in loose racemes on upper branchlets. Flowers begin in May and don't stop until September. The blossoms are typically of a yellow color.

Page 611 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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