Bixa orellana
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Bixa orellana


  family bixaceae 
  genus bixa 

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Genus  Bixa Species  orellana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  lipsticktree   annatto   urucu   achiote   roucou   achiotl   urunu Family  BIXACEAE Specimen number  S13402 Data source  ColorNat p7;DyePl p84;DyePl p37;MedPl p177
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The seeds of Bixa orellana as well as the aril and the wood have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Lipsticktree (also known as annatto, urucu, achiote and roucou) including bright yellow, reddish orange, bright orange, light peach, red and yellow. Bixa orellana is known as achiotl in Nahuatl Aztec and urunu in Venezuela. The fleshy red pulp surrounding the seeds of this plant are used to make a red dye.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   febrifuge   antidysenteric   aphrodisiac   detoxifier Medicinal parts  Seeds   Leaves   Root Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Bixa orellana has herbal applications as an astringent, as a febrifuge, as an antidysenteric and as an aphrodisiac. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. The seeds together with the leaves and the root are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Seeds   Aril   Wood Dye color  bright yellow,reddish orange,bright orange,light peach,red,yellow
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Bixa orellana may have originated from Mexico and tropical America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 683 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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