Borago officinalis
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Borago officinalis


  family boraginaceae 
  genus borago 

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Genus  Borago Species  officinalis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  talewort   borage   cool-tankard Family  BORAGINACEAE Specimen number  S11976 Data source  HtZn p85;MedPl p177;UnVeg p55;Xeri p279
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Herb Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 4' Overall spread  1' - 1' 6"
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 26 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Heat zones 10-03 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Be careful where you put this because of its invasive tendencies. Borago officinalis needs summer days with high heat. Borage (also known as talewort and cool-tankard) does best in full sun to partial shade.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities  Invasive
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  demulcent   emollient   diaphoretic   diuretic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Flowers   Seed oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Aerial parts and flowers may be unsafe when taken internally, seed oil may be OK Medicinal notes  It has a distinctive flavor with a hint of cucumber. Borago officinalis is most often used cooked. Borage (sometimes called talewort and cool-tankard) has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a demulcent, as an emollient, as a diaphoretic and as a diuretic. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The aerial parts together with the flowers and the seed oil are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist. Aerial parts and flowers may be unsafe when taken internally, seed oil may be OK.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  leaves and flowers have cucumber flavor Fragrance parts  Leaves   Flowers Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Crowns and leaves Crop spacing  2' Row spacing  2' Cold frame  Planting period  Nov 01 - Mar 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Partially hardy Heat requirement  Warm Fertilizer  Potassium Time to harvest  early summer
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has a distinctive flavor with a hint of cucumber
Horticulture notes  The optimal planting season is during November and March. Typical crop spacing is 2'. Provide 2' spacing between rows. It requires warm days for good production. Potassium is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is early summer. Propagation of Borago officinalis can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Borago officinalis is a perennial. Flowers: Borage (locally known in some parts as talewort and cool-tankard) has drooping clusters of 3/4" star-shaped flowers. The flowers are most often a blue color.

Page 690 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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