Brassica campestris
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Brassica campestris

field mustard
broccoli raab
turnip broccoli

  family cruciferae 
  genus brassica 

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Genus  Brassica Species  campestris Variety  Cultivar  Common names  field mustard   broccoli raab   turnip broccoli Family  CRUCIFERAE Specimen number  S13739 Data source  Allergy p284;BtrflyCa p19;UnVeg p65
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Decumbent Overall height  1' - 1' 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 07 Acceptable soil pH  Slightly acidic USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Brassica campestris is a host plant for the sara orangetip butterfly. Broccoli raab (also known as turnip broccoli and field mustard) does best in full sun.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Anthocharis sara (sara orangetip butterfly) Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Jan 01 - May 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  It is juicy in spring (this is the wintered-over turnip). Brassica campestris is most frequently used cooked. This anemophilous species has only a light pollen count during hay fever season. January to May is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Crowns and leaves Crop spacing  2" - 5" Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Low nitrogen Time to harvest  early spring
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  juicy in spring (this is the wintered-over turnip)
Horticulture notes  May is normally the best time to begin planting. Provide 2" spacing when grown in quantity. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Low nitrogen is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is early spring. Brassica campestris is typically propagated by seed. Broccoli raab (in some places called turnip broccoli and field mustard) is a wildflower that occurs throughout California.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Brassica campestris has an annual life cycle.

Page 706 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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