Brassica nigra
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Brassica nigra

black mustard

  family cruciferae 
  genus brassica 

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Genus  Brassica Species  nigra Variety  Cultivar  Common names  black mustard Family  CRUCIFERAE Specimen number  S13778 Data source  Allergy p284;BtrflyCa p15;UnVeg p245
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Decumbent Overall height  2' - 6' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to full shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 07 Acceptable soil pH  Slightly acidic USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Brassica nigra is a host plant for the cabbage white butterfly. Full sun to full shade is ideal for Black mustard.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Attracts butterflies  yes Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Apr 01 - Jul 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The seeds of this plant and the leaves are both edible. There are many nutritional properties of merit in Brassica nigra; for example vitamin A, vitamin B complex, vitamin C and calcium can all be found. See the full list of nutritional values for more. Black mustard is typically used as a flavoring. This plant is most frequently used fresh. This anemophilous species has only a light pollen count during hay fever season. April to July is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Tall stalks Crop spacing  1" - 2" Row spacing  1' Cold frame  Planting period  Aug 01 - Aug 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  40 to 50 days
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Flavoring Nutritional value  Vitamin A   Vitamin B complex   Vitamin C   Calcium   Iron Edible parts  Seeds   Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has pungent flavored leaves and classic flavored seeds
Horticulture notes  August is normally the best time to begin planting. When planted agriculturally, space the plants 1" apart. Space rows about 1' apart. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Estimated time to harvest is 40 to 50 days. Brassica nigra is typically propagated by seed. Black mustard is a wildflower that occurs throughout US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Brassica nigra is a perennial.

Page 714 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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