Celtis occidentalis
   compleat botanica    plants    specimen names    Specimen (Ce - Ch)   
This page was created using standard templates and sample data from
The Compleat Botanica.

Learn how you can publish your own plant pictures and plant-related data using
The Compleat Botanica.









Celtis occidentalis


  family celtidaceae 
  genus celtis 

More specimen entries
[prev]  [celtis occidentalis]  [Next]


Genus  Celtis Species  occidentalis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  hackberry Family  CELTIDACEAE Specimen number  S13980 Data source  Allergy p260;GrUnFr p319;Xeri p299
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit  Ascending Overall height  40' - 60' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Celtis occidentalis can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. It prefers dry soils. Hackberry is drought tolerant.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Mar 01 - May 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are 1/3 inch round drupe, yellow turning purple-black when ripe. It is fleshy and sweet. Celtis occidentalis is most often used in sweets. Hackberry is most often used fresh. Although this plant is freely wind-pollinated, it shouldn't pose too much difficulty to the hay fever susceptible. Hay fever season usually extends from March to May.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Sweets Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts 1/3 inch round drupe, yellow turning purple-black when ripe Flavor / texture  fleshy and sweet
Horticulture notes  Celtis occidentalis is self fertile. Hackberry is typically propagated by seed. This plant is a native plant in the natural environment that occurs throughout Appalachia. This species most likely originates from Canada and the Rocky Mountains.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Celtis occidentalis is a woody perennial. Hackberry is deciduous in nature.

Page 987 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


  Order your copy here