Chamaemelum nobile
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Chamaemelum nobile

Roman chamomile

  family compositae 
  genus chamaemelum 

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Genus  Chamaemelum Species  nobile Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Roman chamomile Family  COMPOSITAE Specimen number  S11278 Data source  HtZn p94;MedPl p184
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1" - 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to light shade Water  Dry, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 06a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  A good use for this plant is between pavers. Chamaemelum nobile can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -10� Fahrenheit. Roman chamomile needs summer days with high heat. Full sun to light shade is needed for this plant to do its best. It does well in dry, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses  Between pavers Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  bitter   antiemetic   sedative   antispasmodic   analgesic   digestive tonic   anti-inflammatory   antiallergenic Medicinal parts  Flowers   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Chamaemelum nobile has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a bitter, as an antiemetic, as a sedative and as an antispasmodic. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. Roman chamomile is only to be administered with proper professional knowledge. This plant is not permitted in some countries. The flowers and the essential oil are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  apple scented leaves Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Self sows Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Chamaemelum nobile tends to self-sow year after year with little effort.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Chamaemelum nobile is a perennial. Leaves: Roman chamomile has lacy, ferny leaves. Flowers begin in May and don't stop until September. The blossoms are most often a white color, with an accent in gold.

Page 1052 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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