Chelidonium majus
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Chelidonium majus

greater celandine

  family papaveraceae 
  genus chelidonium 

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Genus  Chelidonium Species  majus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  greater celandine Family  PAPAVERACEAE Specimen number  S5092 Data source  MedPl p185;Poison p100
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Biennial Life span  2 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Prostrate Overall height  1' - 2' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes 
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Juice   Whole plant Poisonous indications  It contains chelidonine and other alkaloids in the orange-yellow stem juice which causes vomiting, bloody diarrhea, circulatory disorders. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  sedative   bronchiolytic   cholagogue   detoxifier   sedative   emollient Medicinal parts  Aerial parts   Latex Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Chelidonium majus has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a sedative, as a bronchiolytic, as a cholagogue and as a detoxifier. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. Greater celandine requires professional guidance for safe usage. It is illegal in some countries to possess or use this plant without proper certification. The aerial parts and the latex are used in herbal preparations. This whole plant is toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It contains chelidonine and other alkaloids in the orange-yellow stem juice which causes vomiting, bloody diarrhea, circulatory disorders.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Chelidonium majus is a biennial. Flowers: Greater celandine has 4 petaled flowers up to 3/4 inch in diameter. Blossoms appear in April and continue through August. The blossoms are usually a yellow color.

Page 1067 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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