Cichorium intybus
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Cichorium intybus

Belgian endive
Italian dandelion
asparagus chicory

  family asteraceae 
  genus cichorium 

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Genus  Cichorium Species  intybus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Belgian endive   Italian dandelion   asparagus chicory Family  ASTERACEAE Specimen number  S12049 Data source  MedPl p187;UnVeg p111
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Perennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  6" - 9" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 26 Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Full sun is best for growing Cichorium intybus. It needs soil that is moist.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  liver tonic   digestive tonic   urinary antiseptic   antirheumatic   laxative Medicinal parts  Root   Leaves   Flowers Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The leaves of this plant and the roots are both edible. Cichorium intybus is a good low calorie food. Its nutritional value includes vitamin A. Belgian endive (sometimes called Italian dandelion and asparagus chicory) is most often used cooked or fresh. This plant has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a liver tonic, as a digestive tonic, as a urinary antiseptic and as an antirheumatic. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. The root as well as the leaves and the flowers are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Crowns and leaves Crop spacing  6" Row spacing  1' 6" Cold frame  Planting period  May 01 - May 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Partially hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Nitrogen Time to harvest  90 days
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Cooked Nutritional value  Vitamin A   Low calorie Edible parts  Leaves   Roots Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has roots that are a coffee substitute and leaves are bitter tasting
Horticulture notes  May is normally the best time to begin planting. Provide 6" spacing when grown in quantity. Provide 1' 6" spacing between rows. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Nitrogen is required for optimal growth. Estimated time to harvest is 90 days. Cichorium intybus is typically propagated by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 1115 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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