Cimicifuga racemosa
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Cimicifuga racemosa

black cohosh
black snakeroot

  family ranunculaceae 
  genus cimicifuga 

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Genus  Cimicifuga Species  racemosa Variety  Cultivar  Common names  black cohosh   squawroot   black snakeroot   bugwort Family  RANUNCULACEAE Specimen number  S10690 Data source  MedPl p78;Frgnt p263;Xeri p288
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  3' - 4' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist to wet Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Cimicifuga racemosa has strong rank smelling leaves. Bugwort (also known as black cohosh, black snakeroot or squawroot) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. It likes moist to wet soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  emmenagogue   antirheumatic   expectorant   sedative Medicinal parts  Root Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Cimicifuga racemosa has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as an emmenagogue, as an antirheumatic, as an expectorant and as a sedative. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. Bugwort (sometimes called black cohosh, black snakeroot or squawroot) should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. This plant is not permitted in some countries. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the root.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  foul smelling like carrion Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Cimicifuga racemosa is a perennial. The blossoms are most often a white color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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