Coffea arabica
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Coffea arabica

Arabian coffee

  family rubiaceae 
  genus coffea 

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Genus  Coffea Species  arabica Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Arabian coffee Family  RUBIACEAE Specimen number  S8382 Data source  ColorNat p13;GrUnFr p88;MedPl p190;Frgnt p331
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  14' - 30' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Coffea arabica has mild sweet flowers. The beans of Arabian coffee have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by this plant including tan, medium brown, grayish tan, greenish brown and dark tan. Fabrics traditionally dyed with this plant include wool, cotton and raffia. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, chrome, iron, none.)
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  stimulant   digestive stimulant   diuretic   analgesic Medicinal parts  Seeds Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The beans are the classic coffee bean of commerce. Coffea arabica is most commonly used dried. Arabian coffee has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as a stimulant, as a digestive stimulant, as a diuretic and as an analgesic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) Not to be taken by hypertensives. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the seeds.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Beans Dye color  tan,medium brown,grayish tan,greenish brown,dark tan
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Cross pollination Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Very tender Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Dried Nutritional value  Edible parts  Beans Description of edible parts the classic coffee bean of commerce Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Coffea arabica requires cross-pollination in order to bear fruit. It is very tender and will die on the first cold night. Arabian coffee is a native plant in the natural environment and may have originated from Ethiopia and Tropical Africa.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Coffea arabica is evergreen.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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