Convallaria majalis
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Convallaria majalis


  family convallariaceae 
  genus convallaria 

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Genus  Convallaria Species  majalis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  lily-of-the-valley Family  CONVALLARIACEAE Specimen number  S11673 Data source  DyePl p24;HtZn p99;MedPl p192;Poison p94;Xeri p288
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Ascending Overall height  6" - 1' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist to wet Optimal soil texture  Rich Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Convallaria majalis has attractive berries during the winter. The leaves of Lily-of-the-valley have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Chartreuse and chartreuse are common colors produced with this plant. It is used in dyeing wool. When dyeing with this plant, chrome is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric. This species can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. The best soil for this species has a texture that is rich. It does well in moist to wet soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  orange red berries in autumn Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Whole plant Poisonous indications  It contains cardiac glycosides which cause gastrointestinal disturbance, purging, and irregular heartbeat leading to coma and death. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  cardiac   diuretic   hypotensive Medicinal parts  Leaves   Flowers Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Convallaria majalis is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as a cardiac, a diuretic and a hypotensive. Lily-of-the-valley should only be used under professional guidance. This plant is legally restricted in some countries. Can be fatal if taken internally. The leaves and the flowers are used in herbal preparations. This whole plant is toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It contains cardiac glycosides which cause gastrointestinal disturbance, purging, and irregular heartbeat leading to coma and death.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant flowers Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Leaves Dye color  chartreuse,gold
Propagule  Division   Rhizome Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Convallaria majalis can be propagated by division or using the plant's rhizomes.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Convallaria majalis is a perennial. Leaves: Lily-of-the-valley has deeply veined leaves. Flowers: This plant has tiny bells dangling on short stems flowers. The blossoms are typically of a white color.

Page 1274 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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