Coriandrum sativum
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Coriandrum sativum

Chinese parsley
yuen tsai

  family apiaceae 
  genus coriandrum 

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Genus  Coriandrum Species  sativum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  coriander   Chinese parsley   cilantro   yuen tsai Family  APIACEAE Specimen number  S11978 Data source  HtZn p100;MedPl p193;Frgnt p178;UnVeg p131;Xeri p277
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Biennial Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 2' 6" Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to full shade Water    Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 23,26 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Heat zones 10-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Coriandrum sativum has leaves that are mildly sweet. Cilantro (also known as Chinese parsley and coriander) needs summer days with high heat. Coriandrum sativum is known as yuen tsai in Chinese. This plant likes full sun to full shade.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  carminative   antispasmodic   antirheumatic   aphrodisiac Medicinal parts  Seeds   Essential oil   Leaves Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Do not take essential oil internally. Medicinal notes  The seeds of this plant and the leaves are both edible. The list of beneficial vitamins and minerals found in Coriandrum sativum is impressive; notably vitamin A, vitamin C, iron and phosphorus are all present. Cilantro (sometimes called Chinese parsley and coriander) is most commonly used fresh or cooked. This plant has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a carminative, as an antispasmodic, as an antirheumatic and as an aphrodisiac. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. The seeds as well as the essential oil and the leaves are used in herbal preparations. Do not take essential oil internally.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  pungent leaves when young. fragrant Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed Pollination method    Planting style  Crowns and leaves Crop spacing  3" - 4" Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  Apr 01 - Jun 30 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Partially hardy Heat requirement  Cool Fertilizer  Nitrogen Time to harvest  early spring
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked   Fresh Nutritional value  Vitamin A   Vitamin C   Iron   Phosphorus Edible parts  Seeds   Leaves Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has zesty leaves and pungent seeds
Horticulture notes  The best months for planting new crops are April through June. Provide 3" spacing when grown in quantity. It does not necessarily require warm days for good production. Nitrogen is required for optimal growth. The best harvesting period is early spring. Propagation of Coriandrum sativum can be achieved by seed.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Leaves: Coriandrum sativum has leaves in parsley-like fans. Flowers: Cilantro (locally known in some parts as Chinese parsley and coriander) has tiny loose flower clusters. The blossoms are usually either white or pink.

Page 1296 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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