Cynara cardunculus
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Cynara cardunculus


  family asteraceae 
  genus cynara 

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Genus  Cynara Species  cardunculus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  cardoon   cynara   cardoni Family  ASTERACEAE Specimen number  S12002 Data source  HtZn p103;UnVeg p83
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual,Perennial Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 2' Overall spread  3'
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Soil texture 22,26 Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 08a-11 AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  One of the common garden uses for this plant is as cut flowers. Cynara cardunculus can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 10� Fahrenheit. Cynara (also known as cardoon) needs summer days with high heat. Cynara cardunculus is known as cardoni in Italian. This plant likes full sun to partial shade. It needs soil that is moist.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses  Cut flowers Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The leaf stalks of this plant and the roots are both edible. Cynara cardunculus is most commonly used cooked.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Seed   Bulb Pollination method    Planting style  Bush Crop spacing  3' Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period  Mar 01 - Mar 31 Harvesting period    Frost tolerance  Tender Heat requirement  Warm Fertilizer  No fertilizer Time to harvest  throughout summer
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Cooked Nutritional value  Edible parts  Leaf stalks   Roots Description of edible parts Flavor / texture  has thick chards which are best when not too old
Horticulture notes  March is normally the best time to begin planting. Provide 3' spacing when grown in quantity. It requires warm days for good production. The best harvesting period is throughout summer. Cynara cardunculus is often propagated by seed or using its bulbs.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Leaves: Cynara cardunculus has wooly undersides on thick stemmed spiny leaves that are up to 24" long. Flowers: Cynara (locally known in some parts as cardoon) has thistle-like flower globes. Flowers begin in June and don't stop until October. The blossoms are most often a purple color.

Page 1452 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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