Cytisus scoparius
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Cytisus scoparius

scotch broom

  family fabaceae 
  genus cytisus 

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Genus  Cytisus Species  scoparius Variety  Cultivar  Common names  scotch broom Family  FABACEAE Specimen number  S13758 Data source  Allergy p281;DyePl p17;DyePl p60;Poison p108;Frgnt p121
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Depends on climate Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  3' - 10' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Cytisus scoparius have a mildly honey scented aroma. The aerial parts of Scotch broom as well as the flowers have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellow and yellow are common colors produced with this plant. Broom is used in Eire for dyeing. It is used in dyeing wool. When dyeing with this plant, alum is used as a mordant to fix the color to the fabric.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Whole plant Poisonous indications  It contains a cytisine alkaloid which causes abdominal pain and diarrhea and a sparteine alkaloid which causes cardiac irregularity. Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  yes Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Apr 01 - Jun 30 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  This whole plant is toxic. Keep out of pastures and away from livestock grazing areas. It contains a cytisine alkaloid which causes abdominal pain and diarrhea and a sparteine alkaloid which causes cardiac irregularity. Although this plant is freely wind-pollinated, it shouldn't pose too much difficulty to the hay fever susceptible. April to June is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  honey scented from a distance Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Honey Dye parts  Aerial parts   Flowers Dye color  yellow,pale green
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Cytisus scoparius occurs throughout Pacific Coast. Scotch broom may have originated from Europe and Eire.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Cytisus scoparius is a woody perennial. Flowers: Scotch broom has single or paired flowers with a strongly curved style. The flowers are typically of a yellow color.

Page 1482 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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