Datura stramonium
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Datura stramonium

Jamestown weed

  family solanaceae 
  genus datura 

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Genus  Datura Species  stramonium Variety  Cultivar  Common names  thorn-apple   datura   jimsonweed   Jamestown weed   stinkweed Family  SOLANACEAE Specimen number  S6617 Data source  MedPl p198;Poison p84;Frgnt p91
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Annual Life span  1 year Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 5' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Datura stramonium have a strongly rank smelling aroma.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Whole plant Poisonous indications  It is severely hallucinogenic and increases heartbeat. Internal poison  yes Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  hallucinogenic   antiasthmatic   antipertussive   antispasmodic   antirheumatic   antineuralgic Medicinal parts  Leaves   Flowers   Seeds Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  It is toxic except in small doses Medicinal notes  Datura stramonium has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as a hallucinogenic, as an antiasthmatic, as an antipertussive and as an antispasmodic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) Jimson weed (sometimes called Jamestown weed, stinkweed, thornapple and datura) is only to be administered with proper professional knowledge. This plant is not permitted in some countries. The leaves together with the flowers and the seeds are considered to be the valuable parts by the herbalist. It is toxic except in small doses. This whole plant is toxic. It is poisonous if ingested. It is severely hallucinogenic and increases heartbeat.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  very unpleasant odor Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Rank Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Datura stramonium has an annual life cycle. Flowers: Jimson weed (locally known in some parts as Jamestown weed, stinkweed, thornapple and datura) has 3-5 inch trumpet shaped flowers. Most often the blossoms occur in either white or violet.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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