Echinacea purpurea
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Echinacea purpurea

purple coneflower

  family compositae 
  genus echinacea 

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Genus  Echinacea Species  purpurea Variety  Cultivar  Common names  purple coneflower Family  COMPOSITAE Specimen number  S11255 Data source  CrscntBlm;HtZn p109;Xeri p285
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  5' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Moist Optimal soil texture  Loam Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Mostly Natives Nursery Compost  no Size at acquisition  1 gallon Garden location  Redwood Garden notes  Echinacea purpurea can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. Purple coneflower needs summer days with high heat. The optimal soil texture for this plant is one that is loamy. It likes moist soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes 
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Echinacea purpurea is a perennial. Flowers: Purple coneflower has flowers with a pronounced cone-shaped center that surrounds descending daisy-like petals. Blossoms in such colors as violet, pink, white and purple are common, with an accent in brown.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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