Elaeagnus angustifolia
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Elaeagnus angustifolia

Russian olive
wild olive
tree of paradise

  family elaeagnaceae 
  genus elaeagnus 

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Genus  Elaeagnus Species  angustifolia Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Russian olive   wild olive   oleaster   tree of paradise Family  ELAEAGNACEAE Specimen number  S11972 Data source  GrUnFr p136;Frgnt p122;UnFruit pp113-120;Xeri p306
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  20' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 06-07 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Elaeagnus angustifolia has flowers that are strongly perfume scented. Tree of paradise (also known as Russian olive, wild olive or oleaster) can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50� Fahrenheit. It prefers dry soils. This plant is drought tolerant. This species tolerates windy and salty seaside conditions.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  yes Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries of this plant and the fruit are both edible. Elaeagnus angustifolia is typically used in sweets. Tree of paradise (sometimes called Russian olive, wild olive or oleaster) is most frequently used fresh.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  highly perfumed Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Strong Fragrance category  Perfume Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style  Bush Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period  Aug 01 - Aug 31 Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Sweets   Fresh Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries   Fruit Description of edible parts 1/2 inch, oval shaped, silver or amber colored skin and contains a single hard seed Flavor / texture  sweet-tart and slightly astringent, but has a dry and mealy texture
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Elaeagnus angustifolia to produce fruit. Crops can be harvested throughout August. Tree of paradise (in some places called Russian olive, wild olive or oleaster) may have originated from Europe, western Asia and Mediterranean.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Elaeagnus angustifolia is a woody perennial. Tree of paradise (locally known in some parts as Russian olive, wild olive or oleaster) is deciduous in nature.

Page 1696 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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