Ficus carica
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Ficus carica

edible fig

  family moraceae 
  genus ficus 

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Genus  Ficus Species  carica Variety  Cultivar  Common names  edible fig Family  MORACEAE Specimen number  S11295 Data source  CrscntBlm;DyePl p54;GrUnFr p123;HtZn p115;MedPl p209;Frgnt p338
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  20' - 30' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 06a-11 AHS heat zones  Heat zones 12-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Ficus carica has leaves that are mildly pungent. The leaves of Edible fig have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Yellow is the most typical color produced by this plant. Common mordants used to fix the color to the fabric when dyeing with this plant include tin or chrome. This species can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -10� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does best in full sun to partial shade. It does well in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  The Blastophaga fig wasp is the only pollinator Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  laxative   emollient   expectorant   analgesic Medicinal parts  Fruit   Latex Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Latex may cause allergic reaction to sunlight when applied externally Medicinal notes  The fruit is greenish brown skinned with orange-red flesh. It has a high sugar content, a low acid complement, and a rich flavor. The list of beneficial vitamins and minerals found in Ficus carica is impressive; notably vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron are all present. Edible fig if frequently used in sweets. This plant is most frequently used dried or fresh. This species has traditionally been used in many herbal remedies including: as a laxative, as an emollient, as an expectorant and as an analgesic. (More are listed in the medicinal properties section.) The fruit and the latex are used in herbal preparations. Latex may cause allergic reaction to sunlight when applied externally.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  aromatic leaves when dried Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Pungent Dye parts  Leaves Dye color  yellow
Propagule  Cutting   Layering Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  yes Culinary uses  Fresh   Dried   Sweets Nutritional value  Vitamin A   Vitamin C   Calcium   Iron Edible parts  Fruit Description of edible parts greenish brown skinned with orange-red flesh Flavor / texture  has a high sugar content, a low acid complement, and a rich flavor
Horticulture notes  Ficus carica is self fertile. Edible fig can be propagated using a cutting or by layering. This plant is a native plant in the natural environment and may have originated from Western Asia.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Flowers: Ficus carica has clusters of flowers.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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