Fraxinus americana
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Fraxinus americana

American white ash

  family oleaceae 
  genus fraxinus 

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Genus  Fraxinus Species  americana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  American white ash Family  OLEACEAE Specimen number  S13867 Data source  Allergy p258;ColorNat p7;MedPl p211;Xeri p302
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Deciduous Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit  Ascending Overall height  120' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The leaves of Fraxinus americana as well as the bark have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by American white ash including light yellow, bright yellow, rosy tan and brown. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, tin, chrome.) This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. Full sun to partial shade is best for growing this species. It prefers dry soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Mar 01 - May 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  astringent   bitter Medicinal parts  Bark Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Fraxinus americana has been used in traditional herbal healing as either an astringent or a bitter. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the bark. This anemophilous species has only a light pollen count during hay fever season. March to May is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Leaves   Bark Dye color  light yellow,bright yellow,rosy tan,brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Fraxinus americana is a native plant in the natural environment that occurs throughout Eastern Canada to Southern US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Fraxinus americana is a woody perennial. American white ash is deciduous in nature.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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