Galium verum
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Galium verum

cheese rennet
Our Lady's bedstraw
ladies' bedstraw
Bun an Ruadh
yellow bedstraw

  family rubiaceae 
  genus galium 

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Genus  Galium Species  verum Variety  Cultivar  Common names  cheese rennet   Our Lady's bedstraw   ladies' bedstraw   Bun an Ruadh   yellow bedstraw Family  RUBIACEAE Specimen number  S11608 Data source  ColorNat p8;DyePl p17;DyePl p64;HtZn p117;MedPl p212
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  6" - 3' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to full shade Water  Dry to moist Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-08b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-03 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The roots of Galium verum as well as the aerial parts have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Ladies' bedstraw (also known as cheese rennet, Our Lady's bedstraw or yellow bedstraw) including dull red, red, light orange-red, purple-red and bluish gr. Galium verum is known as Bun an Ruadh in Gaelic. It is used in dyeing wool. Common mordants used to fix the color to the fabric when dyeing with this plant include alum and chrome. This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. It needs a bit of a cold spell with temperatures below 15� Fahrenheit to do its best. This species needs summer days with high heat. This plant does best in full sun to full shade. It needs soil that is dry to moist.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  bitter   diuretic   emollient   stone inhibitor   bladder stone remedy   cystotonic   antiepileptic Medicinal parts  Aerial parts Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Galium verum has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a bitter, as a diuretic, as an emollient and as a stone inhibitor. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the aerial parts.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  honey scented flowers Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Roots   Aerial parts Dye color  red,light orange-red,purple-red,bluish-green
Propagule  Division Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Propagation of Galium verum can be achieved by division. Ladies' bedstraw (in some places called cheese rennet, Our Lady's bedstraw or yellow bedstraw) may have originated from Europe and Scotland.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Galium verum is a perennial. Flowers: Ladies' bedstraw (locally known in some parts as cheese rennet, Our Lady's bedstraw or yellow bedstraw) has open flower clusters. Blossoms appear in June and continue through October. The flowers are most often a yellow color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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