Gardenia jasminoides
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Gardenia jasminoides

zhi zi
Cape jasmine

  family rubiaceae 
  genus gardenia 

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Genus  Gardenia Species  jasminoides Variety  Cultivar  Common names  gardenia   zhi zi   Cape jasmine Family  RUBIACEAE Specimen number  S11151 Data source  DyePl p40;HtZn p117;MedPl p213;Frgnt p209
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  1' - 6' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to partial shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 08a-10b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 10-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Gardenia jasminoides has mild sweet flowers. The fruit juice of Gardenia (also known as Cape jasmine) has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Gardenia jasminoides is known as zhi zi in Chinese. Yellow is the most typical color produced by this plant. Gardenia is used in Japan for dyeing. Iron is optionally added to modify the color obtained with this plant. This species can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 10� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does best in full sun to partial shade. It usually does best in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  bitter   febrifuge   styptic Medicinal parts  Fruit Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Gardenia jasminoides is used as a traditional herbal remedy. It's used as a bitter, a febrifuge and a styptic. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the fruit.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  very fragrant flowers. fragrant Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Faintly sweet Dye parts  Fruit juice Dye color  yellow
Propagule  Cutting Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Gardenia jasminoides is typically propagated using a cutting. Gardenia (in some places called Cape jasmine) may have originated from Japan.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Flowers: Gardenia jasminoides has 5" double camellia-like flowers. Blossoms appear in May and continue through September. Typically the blossoms are either cream or white.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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