Gaultheria shallon
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Gaultheria shallon

shallon berry

  family ericaceae 
  genus gaultheria 

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Genus  Gaultheria Species  shallon Variety  Cultivar  Common names  salal   shallon berry Family  ERICACEAE Specimen number  S11582 Data source  GrUnFr p76;HtZn p117;Frgnt p289
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Groundcover Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  2' - 4' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Soil pH 05-06 USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-08b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-03 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Gaultheria shallon has attractive berries during the winter. Salal (also known as shallon berry) has mild resinous leaves. This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. It needs a bit of a cold spell with temperatures below 15� Fahrenheit to do its best. This species needs summer days with high heat. Partial to full shade is best for growing this plant. It usually does best in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  mint flavored berries persist until spri Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  The berries are dark purple hair-covered berries about 3/8 inch wide with numerous small seeds and good juiciness and taste. Gaultheria shallon is most often used dried or fresh.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  crushed leaves release their scent. fragrant when crushed Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Resinous Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method  Self fertile Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Fresh   Dried Nutritional value  Edible parts  Berries Description of edible parts dark purple hair-covered berries about 3/8 inch wide with numerous small seeds and good juiciness and taste. Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  No special fertilization is necessary for Gaultheria shallon to produce fruit. Salal (in some places called shallon berry) is a wildflower and most likely originates from Northwest America.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Gaultheria shallon is evergreen. Leaves: Salal (locally known in some parts as shallon berry) has leaves emerge red, turn green in summer and bronze in autumn. Flowers: This plant has bell shaped flowers.

Page 2045 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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