Gelsemium sempervirens
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Gelsemium sempervirens

evening trumpetflower
Carolina jasmine
yellow jasmine
wild jasmine

  family gelsemiaceae 
  genus gelsemium 

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Genus  Gelsemium Species  sempervirens Variety  Cultivar  Common names  evening trumpetflower   Carolina jasmine   yellow jasmine   gelsemium   wild jasmine Family  GELSEMIACEAE Specimen number  S11575 Data source  HtZn p118;MedPl p214;Frgnt p144
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Vine Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  10' - 20' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to light shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 07a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-02 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The flowers of Gelsemium sempervirens have a mild vanilla-like fragrance. Carolina jasmine (also known as evening trumpetflower, wild jasmine, yellow jasmine and gelsemium) can survive cold winter nights that go as low as 0� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species likes full sun to light shade. It usually does best in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  It is poisonous Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  sedative   antispasmodic   antineuralgic   antipertussive   antiasthmatic   relaxant   hypotensive Medicinal parts  Rootstock Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  It is extremely toxic Medicinal notes  Gelsemium sempervirens has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a sedative, as an antispasmodic, as an antineuralgic and as an antipertussive. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. Carolina jasmine (sometimes called evening trumpetflower, wild jasmine, yellow jasmine and gelsemium) requires professional guidance for safe usage. It is illegal in some countries to possess or use this plant without proper certification. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the rootstock. It is extremely toxic.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  fragrant flowers. jasmine-like scent Fragrance parts  Flowers Fragrance intensity  Mild Fragrance category  Vanilla Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Gelsemium sempervirens is a perennial. Carolina jasmine (locally known in some parts as evening trumpetflower, wild jasmine, yellow jasmine and gelsemium) is evergreen. Flowers: This plant has funnel-shaped flowers. The flowers are usually a yellow color.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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