Ginkgo biloba
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Ginkgo biloba

maidenhair tree
bai guo

  family ginkgoaceae 
  genus ginkgo 

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Genus  Ginkgo Species  biloba Variety  Cultivar  Common names  maidenhair tree   ginkgo   bai guo Family  GINKGOACEAE Specimen number  S8501 Data source  DyePl p44;MedPl p98
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Various Life span    Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Various Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height    Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The inner bark of Ginkgo biloba has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Whitish brown is the most typical color produced by Ginkgo (also known as maidenhair tree). Ginkgo biloba is known as bai guo in Chinese. Ginkgo is used in Japan for dyeing. Common mordants used to fix the color to the fabric when dyeing with this plant include lime and ash.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  vasodilator   antiasthmatic   antiallergenic   anti-inflammatory Medicinal parts  Leaves   Seeds Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  yes Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Ginkgo biloba has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a vasodilator, as an antiasthmatic, as an antiallergenic and as an anti-inflammatory. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. Ginkgo (sometimes called maidenhair tree) is not permitted in some countries. The leaves and the seeds are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Inner bark Dye color  whitish brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Ginkgo biloba probably originates from Japan.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes 

Page 2105 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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