Humulus lupulus
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Humulus lupulus


  family cannabaceae 
  genus humulus 

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Genus  Humulus Species  lupulus Variety  Cultivar  Common names  hops Family  CANNABACEAE Specimen number  S11747 Data source  CrscntBlm;Allergy p283;ColorNat p18;HtZn p126;MedPl p102
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  10' - 25' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Full sun to light shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Rich Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 06a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 09-01 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  1 gallon Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  One of the common garden uses for this plant is in dried arrangements. The cones of Humulus lupulus have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Hops including creamy yellow, greenish yellow and light maize. It is traditionally used to dye wool. (The mordants used for fixing the dye include: alum, chrome.) This plant can survive cold winters where the average annual low is -10� Fahrenheit. This species needs summer days with high heat. This plant likes soils that are rich. This species likes full sun to light shade. It does well in moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses  Dried arrangements Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Jun 01 - Sep 30 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  sedative   soporific   antispasmodic   bitter Medicinal parts  Strobiles Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Humulus lupulus has herbal applications as a sedative, as a soporific, as an antispasmodic and as a bitter. See the medicinal properties section for even more traditional herbal uses. Herbal remedies are only prepared from the strobiles. This is a light producer of pollen but should cause problems to only the most sensitive hay fever sufferers. June to September is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  young leaves and side shoots have bitter fragrance Fragrance parts  Leaves Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Cones Dye color  creamy yellow,greenish yellow,light maize
Propagule  Division Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Humulus lupulus is typically propagated by division. Hops is a wildflower.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Humulus lupulus is a perennial.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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