Hydrastis canadensis
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Hydrastis canadensis


  family hydrastidaceae 
  genus hydrastis 

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Genus  Hydrastis Species  canadensis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  goldenseal   orangeroot   turmeric Family  HYDRASTIDACEAE Specimen number  S11626 Data source  HtZn p127;MedPl p103
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Perennial Life span  3 - 10 years Annual cycle  Not applicable Stature  Flower Growth form  Not applicable Growth habit  Various Overall height  6" - 1' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Partial to full shade Water  Moist, well drained Optimal soil texture  Organic Acceptable soil pH  Neutral USDA hardiness  USDA zones 04a-09b AHS heat zones  Heat zones 08-04 Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  Hydrastis canadensis has a colorful display of berries in the fall and early winter. Goldenseal (also known as orangeroot and turmeric) can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -30� Fahrenheit. This plant needs summer days with high heat. This species does well in organic soils. Partial to full shade is ideal for this plant. It prefers moist, well drained soils.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  yes Desirable qualities    Other interest  raspberry-like inedible fruits in fall Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  It is toxic in large doses Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  tonic   laxative   anti-inflammatory   antibacterial   bitter   amenorrheic   hemostatic   astringent Medicinal parts  Rhizome Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Hydrastis canadensis has numerous traditional medicinal uses. Some of its many uses are: as a tonic, as a laxative, as an anti-inflammatory and as an antibacterial. More uses are listed in the medicinal properties section. Goldenseal (sometimes called orangeroot and turmeric) is not safe for use during pregnancy. Traditional medicinal remedies are made from the rhizome.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Dye color 
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes 
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Hydrastis canadensis is a perennial.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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