Juniperus communis
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Juniperus communis


  family cupressaceae 
  genus juniperus 

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Genus  Juniperus Species  communis Variety  Cultivar  Common names  juniper   ener Family  CUPRESSACEAE Specimen number  S10421 Data source  DyePl p68;MedPl p223;Xeri p306;Xeri p301
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Shrub Growth form  Various Growth habit  Not applicable Overall height  3' - 9' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 02a-10b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The berries of Juniperus communis as well as the wood and the bark have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Brown is the most typical color produced by Juniper. Juniperus communis is known as ener in Norwegian. Juniper is used in Norway for dyeing. This plant can survive the coldest of winter climates with annual temperatures as low as -50� Fahrenheit. It does well in dry soils. This species can survive short periods of drought.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen    Hay fever season    Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  tonic   diuretic   urinary antiseptic   cystotonic   antiarthritic   gout remedy   antirheumatic   emmenagogue Medicinal parts  Fruit   Essential oil Has medicinal uses  yes Do not self-administer  yes Do no use if pregnant  yes Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Juniperus communis has too many possible beneficial herbal uses to fully enumerate. A few of its uses include: as a tonic, as a diuretic, as a urinary antiseptic and as a cystotonic. See the medicinal properties section for the full list. Juniper is only to be administered with proper professional knowledge. This plant should not be used by anyone who is pregnant. The fruit and the essential oil are used in herbal preparations.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Berries   Wood   Bark Dye color  brown
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Juniperus communis most likely originates from Norway.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Juniperus communis is a woody perennial. Juniper is evergreen.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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