Juniperus virginiana
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Juniperus virginiana

Virginia juniper
red cedar
Eastern red cedar

  family cupressaceae 
  genus juniperus 

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Genus  Juniperus Species  virginiana Variety  Cultivar  Common names  Virginia juniper   red cedar   Eastern red cedar Family  CUPRESSACEAE Specimen number  S13933 Data source  Allergy p261;ColorNat p11;DyeFib p51;Xeri p300
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Evergreen Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit    Overall height  100' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Dry Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  USDA zones 03a-09b AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  yes Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The roots of Juniperus virginiana as well as the berries have been used in traditional fabric dyeing. Purple is the most typical color produced by Virginia juniper (also known as red cedar and Eastern red cedar). This plant can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40� Fahrenheit. It does well in dry soils. This species is drought tolerant.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  yes Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Mar 01 - Apr 30 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Although this plant is freely wind-pollinated, it shouldn't pose too much difficulty to the hay fever susceptible. Hay fever season usually extends from March to April.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Roots   Berries Dye color  purple
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Juniperus virginiana is a native plant in the natural environment that occurs throughout Eastern and Southern US and Canada. Virginia juniper (in some places called red cedar and Eastern red cedar) most likely originates from Canada and US.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Juniperus virginiana is a woody perennial. Virginia juniper (locally known in some parts as red cedar and Eastern red cedar) is evergreen.

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Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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