Maclura pomifera
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Maclura pomifera

osage orange
hedge apple
bois d'arc
horse apple

  family moraceae 
  genus maclura 

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Genus  Maclura Species  pomifera Variety  Cultivar  Common names  osage orange   hedge apple   bois d'arc   horse apple   bow-wood Family  MORACEAE Specimen number  S13883 Data source  Allergy p265;ColorNat p22;DyePl p27;DyeFib p97
Life cycle
Life form  Terrestrial Life cycle  Woody perennial Life span  5 - 20 years Annual cycle  Depends on climate Stature  Tree Growth form  Various Growth habit    Overall height  30' Overall spread   
Sunshine  Various Water  Various Optimal soil texture  Various Acceptable soil pH  Various USDA hardiness  Not classified AHS heat zones  Not classified Sunset climate zones  Not classified
Suitable for gardens  no Nursery  Unknown Compost  no Size at acquisition  Unknown Garden location  Unknown Garden notes  The oil of Maclura pomifera as well as the bark and the roots and the wood has been used in traditional fabric dyeing. A range of possible colors can be produced by Osage orange (also known as bow-wood, hedge apple or horse apple) including bright yellow, yellow, gold, light yellow and tan. Maclura pomifera is known as bois d'arc in French.
Special qualities
Tolerates drought  no Tolerates high humidity  no Tolerates seaside conditions  no Insect resistant  no Disease resistant  no Deer resistant  no Best uses    Symbiosis  Attracts butterflies  no Attracts hummingbirds  no Autumn foliage  no Colorful berries  no Desirable qualities    Other interest    Other interest color  Other interest period   
Adverse factors
Common pests  Poisonous parts  Poisonous indications  Internal poison  no Dermatologic poison  no Livestock poison  no Mechanical injury  no Hay fever pollen  Light Hay fever season  Apr 01 - May 31 Adverse qualities   
Herbal medicine
Medicinal properties  Medicinal parts  Has medicinal uses  no Do not self-administer  no Do no use if pregnant  no Legally restricted  no Toxicity precautions  Medicinal notes  Although this plant is freely wind-pollinated, it shouldn't pose too much difficulty to the hay fever susceptible. April to May is the usual season for causing hay-fever problems.
Traditional uses
Parts used  Traditional uses  Contemporary uses  Fragrance  Fragrance parts  Fragrance intensity    Fragrance category    Dye parts  Oil   Bark   Roots   Wood Dye color  bright yellow,yellow,gold,light yellow,tan
Propagule  Various Pollination method    Planting style    Crop spacing    Row spacing    Cold frame  Planting period    Harvesting period    Frost tolerance    Heat requirement    Fertilizer  Typical Time to harvest 
Is edible  no Culinary uses  Nutritional value  Edible parts  Description of edible parts Flavor / texture 
Horticulture notes  Maclura pomifera is a native plant in the natural environment that occurs throughout Ozark Mountains. Osage orange (in some places called bow-wood, hedge apple or horse apple) may have originated from Texas, Arkansas and New England.
Tag needs printing  no Collection notes  Maclura pomifera is a woody perennial.

Page 2837 of 4998

Last reviewed November 01, 2004   


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